UFC Rules and Regulations
The Ultimate Fighting Championship’s rules and regulations were created by the New Jersey Athletic Control Board. The "Unified Rules of Mixed Martial Arts" that New Jersey established has been adopted in other states that regulate mixed martial arts, including Nevada, Louisiana, and California. In Nevada, where most for the UFC event are held the rules, standards, conducts regulations are upheld by the Nevada State Athletic Commission.
UFC Time Limits and Rounds
The UFC has stated that all fights with in the octagon will be 3 round at 5 minutes a round for all non title fights and 5 rounds at 5 minutes a round fro all championship fights.
UFC weight classes
There are five divisions in the UFC for weight classes that the organization currently uses which include:
Lightweight: 146 to 155 lb (67 to 70 kg)
Welterweight: 156 to 170 lb (71 to 77 kg)
Middleweight: 171 to 185 lb (78 to 84 kg)
Light Heavyweight: 186 to 205 lb (85 to 93 kg)
Heavyweight: 206 to 265 lb (94 to 120 kg)
In addition there is four other weight classes that the UFC can used for their fight that they do not currently use which include:
Flyweight (under 125 lb, 57 kg)
Bantamweight (126 to 135 lb, 61 kg)
Featherweight (136 to 145 lb, 66 kg)
Super Heavyweight (above 265 lb, 120 kg)
UFC Octagon Attire
Previous UFC shows allowed fighters to come into the octagon with whatever they want like boxing gloves, Judo or Jujitsu Gi’s or wrestling shoes. Now the UFC does not allow fight wear other than approved fight shorts. Fighters are not allowed to wear long spandex shorts or tight wrestling suits.
All fight clothing and sponsorship must be approved by the UFC. For instance no UFC fighter is allowed to wear Affliction clothing to the ring or any unapproved sponsors that portray a negative or contradictive message.
UFC fighters must use approved light gloves, which include at least 1 inch of padding around the knuckles, (110 to 170 g / 4 to 6 ounces) that allow fingers to grab.
The ten-point must system is in effect for all UFC fights; three judges score each round and the winner of each receives ten points, the loser nine points or less. If the round is even, both fighters receive ten points. In New Jersey, the fewest points a fighter can receive is 7, and in other states by custom no fighter receives less than 8.
UFC Fight Rules
Gone are the days of no holds barred fighting, as the UFC has instituted a number of rules that fighters must follow. Should a fighter fail to follow these rules they will be deducted a point or be disqualified from the match.
Theses rules and faults include:
- Butting with the head.
- Eye gouging of any kind.
- Hair pulling.
- Fish hooking.
- Groin attacks of any kind.
- Putting a finger into any orifice or into any cut or laceration on an opponent. (see Gouging)
- Small joint manipulation.
- Striking to the spine or the back of the head. (see Rabbit punch)
- Striking downward using the point of the elbow. (see Elbow (strike))
- Throat strikes of any kind, including, without limitation, grabbing the trachea.
- Clawing, pinching or twisting the flesh.
- Grabbing the clavicle.
- Kicking the head of a grounded opponent.
- Kneeing the head of a grounded opponent.
- Stomping a grounded opponent.
- Kicking to the kidney with the heel.
- Spiking an opponent to the canvas on his head or neck. (see piledriver)
- Throwing an opponent out of the ring or fenced area.
- Holding the shorts or gloves of an opponent.
- Spitting at an opponent.
- Engaging in unsportsmanlike conduct that causes an injury to an opponent.
- Holding the ropes or the fence.
- Using abusive language in the ring or fenced area.
- Attacking an opponent on or during the break.
- Attacking an opponent who is under the care of the referee.
- Attacking an opponent after the bell (horn) has sounded the end of a round.
- Flagrantly disregarding the instructions of the referee.
- Timidity, including, without limitation, avoiding contact with an opponent, intentionally or consistently dropping the mouthpiece or faking an injury.
- Interference by the corner.
- Throwing in the towel during competition.
UFC Match Decisions
The fight outcome can end in a number of ways which include:
Submission: a fighter taps on the mat or his opponent three times (or more) or verbally submits.
Knockout: a fighter falls from a legal blow and is either unconscious or unable to immediately continue.
Technical Knockout (TKO): If a fighter cannot continue, the fight is ended as a technical knockout. Technical knockouts can be classified into three categories:
Referee stoppage: (the referee determines a fighter cannot "intelligently defend" himself; if warnings to the fighter to improve his position or defense go unanswered—generally, two warnings are given, about 5 seconds apart)
Doctor stoppage (a ringside doctor due to injury or impending injury, as when blood flows into the eyes and blinds a fighter)
Corner stoppage (a fighter's own cornerman signals defeat for their own fighter)
Judges' Decision: Depending on scoring, a match may end as: unanimous decision (all three judges score a win for one fighter)
Split decision (two judges score a win for one fighter with the third for the other)
Majority decision (two judges score a win for one fighter with one for a draw)
Unanimous draw (all three judges score a draw)
Majority draw (two judges score a draw)
Split draw (the total points for each fighter is equal)
A fight can also end in a technical decision, disqualification, forfeit, technical draw, or no contest. The latter two outcomes have no winners.